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Culture

Sindh has a rich heritage of traditional handicraft that has evolved over centuries. Over cumulative influence of 5000 years of invaders and settlers, the traditions of Sindhi craftwork reflect various modes of art—elegant floral & geometrical designs, objects made of clay, metal, wood, stone, fabric etc. Prehistoric findings from archaeological sites like Moen-Jo-Daro, engravings in various graveyards, and the architectural designs of Makli and other tombs have provided ample evidence of people’s literary and musical traditions.
 
Sindh has reputation for Ajraks, textiles, carpets, pottery, leatherwork, silk clothes, blankets, coarse cotton cloth (Susi), camel fittings, metalwork, lacquered work, paintings, handmade paper products, blue pottery, enamel, gold and silver embroidery. Hala is famous for pottery and tiles; Gambat and Thatta for cotton Lungees and Khes; Boobak for carpets; Johi for earthenware; Shikarpur for metal vessels; Tharparkar for Ralli quilts, embroidery and leather articles; and Kandhkot for the lacquered work.
 
Sindh has a rich heritage of traditional handicraft that has evolved over centuries. Perhaps the most professed exposition of Sindhi culture is in the handicrafts of Hala, a town some 30 kilometers from Hyderabad. Hala’s artisans manufacture high-quality and impressively priced wooden handicrafts, textiles, paintings, handmade paper products, and blue pottery. Lacquered wood works known as Jandi, painting on wood, tiles, and pottery known as Kashi, hand woven textiles including Khadri, Susi, and Ajraks are synonymous with Sindhi culture preserved in Hala’s handicraft.
 
The Ajrak has existed in Sindh since the birth of its civilization. The blue color is used on Ajraks predominantly. Sindh was traditionally a large producer of indigo and cotton cloth and both used to be exported to the Middle East. The Ajrak, a kind of shawl, is a mark of respect when it is given to an honored guest or friend. In Sindh, it is most commonly given as a gift at Eid, at weddings, or on other special occasions like homecoming.
 
Ralli (also known as rilli, rehli, rallee, gindi or other names), or patchwork quilt, is another Sindhi icon and part of the heritage and culture. Most Sindhi homes have many Rallis—one for each member of the family and a few spare for guests. Ralli is made with small pieces of cloth of different geometrical shapes and patters sewn together to create intricate designs. They may be used as a bedspread or a blanket, and are often given as gifts to friends and guests.














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